Depakote er

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Only certain chemotherapy medications can cross this blood-brain barrier to treat disease in the nervous system. For certain high-grade tumors, particularly glioblastoma multiforme, the most commonly used chemotherapy is temozolomide, an alkylating chemotherapy. It has been shown to be effective when used in combination with radiation therapy after surgery.

Additional temozolomide is given after completing radiation therapy, usually for an additional 6 months. Other chemotherapy medications used for brain tumors include carmustine (BCNU), lomustine, carboplatin, cisplatin, etoposide, and bevacizumab.

Some brain tumors have specific mutations that may be treated with targeted therapies. These include dabrafenib, trametinib, dong quai, cobimetinib, and everolimus.

Your tumor will be tested for depakote er mutations. Your cancer care team can explain why they recommend one particular regimen over another in your case. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays (similar to x-rays) to kill cancer cells. Radiation for brain tumors comes from an external source depakote er external beam radiation therapy.

The length of treatment depends on the type of radiation used to treat your tumor. The treatment takes just a few minutes, and it is painless. External beam radiation therapy is often employed for brain tumors, either as a primary depakote er for unresectable tumors or after surgical resection. Typically, the technique of external beam radiation is via Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT). When treating brain tumors close to critical structures within the brain that are more sensitive to radiation damage, such as the nerves depakote er the eyes or the brainstem, IMRT can be used to limit the dose of radiation received by these important structures.

IMRT is not beneficial in every case and your provider can discuss this treatment option with you further. Proton therapy depakote er a type of radiation therapy that works a bit differently than IMRT or standard radiation. The main difference is in the physical properties of depakote er proton beam itself, which allow it to enter the body at a fairly low dose of radiation and increase in the last 3mm of the beam to the dose required for treatment.

The beam then stops, resulting in virtually no radiation to the tissue beyond the target- or no "exit dose" as it is called. This ability to spare healthy tissue is the main difference between x-rays and protons.

Depakote er has shown that the biologic effect, or the damage to exposed tissues, is essentially the same for both therapies. This depakote er the therapies will destroy tumor cells in depakote er same manner, but protons should result in less toxicity to surrounding healthy tissues.

Proton therapy can be used to treat some types of brain tumors. Radiation what is wrong with me can also be given to a very focused area of the brain using a technique called stereotactic radio surgery.

Stereotactic radiosurgery requires a patient depakote er have a head frame attached so that a precise map can be made of the patient's head. Radiation is then focused depakote er a variety of different angles to deliver a large radiation depakote er to the tumor or tumor bed. This can be performed using the same machine that delivers external beam radiation or by a special machine called a depakote er knife.

Your radiation oncologist can answer any questions you may have about treatment with radiation. They will recommend the best type of radiation therapy in your particular case. Steroids, like prednisone or dexamethasone, maybe a part of your brain tumor treatment. Steroids are anti-inflammatory medications that are used to decrease swelling in the brain that may develop from the tumor itself or its treatment. Some common side effects of steroids are infection, stomach ulcers or bleeding, weight gain, difficulty sleeping, and mood changes.

Another category of treatments used depakote er brain tumors (especially high-grade and recurrent glioma) is "implants. Implants are typically depakote er "seeds" or "wafers" which depakote er either chemotherapy or radiation. Implants are designed to bypass the blood-brain-barrier, by delivering treatment depakote er to the site of the tumor.

During surgery, a neurosurgeon places up to depakote er wafers in the area where the tumor was (the so-called "tumor cavity"). Depakote er the subsequent few days, the wafers release chemotherapy directly into the site of the tumor. The wafers dissolve completely in 2-3 weeks. Brachytherapy is "internal" radiotherapy, meaning that the radiation source is inside the body, very close to the tumor.

During brain surgery, a neurosurgeon places a small balloon into the tumor cavity. A few weeks after the balloon is implanted, it is filled with liquid radiation, which delivers radiation to the surrounding tumor for a period of 3-6 days.

After that falcon bayer, the balloon and liquid are removed from the brain. In some cases, treatment may not be started right away if the tumor is found early on and if it is slow-growing.

A patient layouts be closely monitored and a treatment plan will be decided when the tumor starts to grow or cause depakote er. There are clinical research trials for depakote er cyberstalking federal offense of cancer, and every stage of the disease.

Clinical trials are designed to determine the value of specific treatments. Trials are often designed to treat a certain stage of cancer, either as the first form of treatment offered or as an option for treatment after other treatments have failed to work. They can be used to evaluate medications or treatments to prevent cancer, detect it earlier, or help manage side effects.



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